When it comes to spotting a pedigree Lab, which can be a tough one since you can not tell just by looking. A dog’s pedigree is a list of its ancestors. A pedigreed dog simply means a purebred dog. If you find out that a Lab has the presence of a pedigree that does not necessarily indicate that the Lab is of exceptional quality. On the other hand, a lack of pedigree can indicate a negligent breeder.
To tell if a Lab is purebred he must have proof of three generations back from the puppy and there should be a minimum of one titled dog in your puppy’s ancestry. The truth is that every dog has a pedigree and it simply is his family tree. The only way to clearly know about the history of your Lab is to get your hands on the pedigree papers. Understanding them is another story.
There is a lot of information on this paperwork about parents and grandparents, both maternal and paternal from a few generations back. These are technically the AKC papers. Pedigree dogs are associated with quality and indicate that they are purebreds.
The AKC has pretty strict rules to track the pedigree history of a dog. They will never register a dog that is a cross breed or a mongrel. Pedigree papers will guarantee the genealogy of your Lab with a complete family history. The papers also list if any of the dogs have been a champion.
Champion dogs are more likely to have champion children. Champions have participated and won in a series of competitions that mean they are considered to be the top of their breed. Pedigree is also an indication that there was no inbreeding in the lineage of your Lab. Inbreeding can result in genetic defects. By ensuring there is no inbreeding breeders can keep their offspring healthy and strong.
A Lab is technically considered to be a medium to large dog once he is grown. There is not much difference in full grown height between the male and female Lab that both grow up to about 25 inches tall. The Lab’s weight, once full grown, is between 70-80 pounds. This gives you some kind of base structure of what size your full grown Lab will be. It is very important to know and fully understand exactly how big a puppy is expected to get.
Just by looking at a Lab you can not tell much about his pedigree but the typical Lab purebred will have the following characteristics, a coat that is short and thick, a well-defined head and a prominent brow, a distinct black outer lining around the eyes, a physically powerful and well-developed body, ears that fall close to the skull and are situated a little above the eyes, and their hallmark tail that resembles that of an otter. It ought to be especially bulky at the bottom, progressively thinning near the tip. It should also be medium in length. The tail should not be docked or altered in any way.
By sight, also look for outsized nostrils, a profound chest, a broad muzzle, rather long legs, and great stamina. The Labrador’s rear is wide, well-developed and strong starting at the hip and all the way to the hock.